Toothache is a symptom of a problem in the oral cavity. The origin of dental pain can depend on different causes. The most frequent being caries, gingivitis, dental abscesses and periodontitis. All severe diseases that always require the intervention of a dentist to be kept under control. Tooth pain is extremely annoying and difficult to bear, but you can relieve it by taking medications such as anti-inflammatories.
Which analgesic to choose against dental pain
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used drugs to relieve all types of pain, including toothache. This type of medication works by blocking the production of prostaglandins, chemical mediators of the inflammatory process.
There are many different anti-inflammatory drugs on the market. The choice of the most suitable medication for the single patient should be the prerogative of a specialist because, like any drug, they can have side effects, even serious ones.
In the case of toothache, therefore, it is advisable to contact your dentist, who, taking into account the patient’s general state of health, will be able to recommend the most suitable medication.
Anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of toothache are those based on ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen.
Paracetamol, although being an antipyretic, can also help manage toothache. Paracetamol is a painkiller that does not damage the stomach and is, therefore, most suitable for stomach problems, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and children.
Who can take anti-inflammatories
In most cases, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is safe. Some patients must seek medical advice first, as side effects may be more likely to occur.
Those who should seek medical advice before taking anti-inflammatory drugs are:
- those who have already had episodes of allergy to an NSAID,
- women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant,
- lactating women,
- people over 65 and under 16 years of age,
- people with previous episodes of stomach ulcers,
- people with heart, liver, kidney, circulation or intestinal problems,
- those who are already taking other medicines
Possible side effects
Like any medication, anti-inflammatory drugs can have side effects. Unwanted side effects are more likely to occur when the medicine is taken over a long period and in high doses, and if people are elderly or in poor health.
The most common side effects of anti-inflammatories are:
- stomach pain
- stomach ulcers
- allergic reactions
- digestive difficulties
Natural anti-inflammatory analgesics
Those who do not want or cannot take anti-inflammatory drugs can try the many natural alternatives available on the market. Natural remedies cannot guarantee relief from a toothache, but those who want can certainly give it a try.
Among the natural remedies with anti-inflammatory properties, the best known and most widely used are:
- cloves, which can be used in the form of essential oil which to rub into the sore area with a cotton bud
- myrrh, for gargling
- powdered ginger, to make a paste to rub on teeth
- peppermint, for a mouthwash
- boiled lettuce leaf to put on the sore area
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